Energy and Environment
UNDP supports national efforts to protect globally significant biodiversity and address the threats of global warming and ozone depletion. It promotes the management of wetlands, mountain agro-biodiversity, and rangeland ecosystems. UNDP supports improved energy efficiency in heat and water supply systems, and increased use of renewable energy sources.
Through the Small Grants Programme, which is supported by the Global Environment Facility, it provides funding to civil society for projects to protect the environment. Through outreach efforts, it informs citizens that their social and economic well-being depends on the wise use of environmental resources.
- A significant portion of the world’s remaining natural Pontian steppe habitat (over 1.2 million km²) is found within Kazakhstan, one of the world’s largest countries (2.7 million km²). Kazakhstani steppe ecosystems include unique plant species and communities and many globally endangered steppe fauna species. However, steppes remain the least protected ecosystems in Kazakhstan. The goal of the project “Steppe Conservation and Management ” is to preserve globally significant biodiversity of Kazakh steppes through the establishment of specially protected areas. The project also works to develop and implement mechanisms of landscape-level rational use and protection of steppes in Irgiz, Torgai and Zhylanshyk river basins. Managers of existing and new steppe PAs receive training for systemic, institutional and individual capacity strengthening.
- Better energy efficiency of heat supplying services, implementation of new financial models when investing into energy-efficient projects and local stakeholder capacity building are key areas of the project “Removing Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Municipal Heat and Hot Water Supply”. The draft law on energy saving and amend¬ments to the law on households have been developed. Activities in Astana, Almaty and Karaganda cities demonstrate energy saving approaches by engaging associations of apartment owners through training and grants to upgrade energy measure¬ment equipment. The first Energy Servicing Company (ESCO) in Kazakhstan is established in Karaganda city.
- The pilot project “Energy Efficient Design and Construction in Kazakhstan” will showcase integrated design of residential buildings in several cities of Kazakhstan. The goal is to improve compliance with mandatory construction regulations on energy efficiency, standards and labelling of construction materials. The project will support development of domestic facilities to produce energy efficient materials and create a potential for an integrated approach to building design.
- Consequences of the climate change may negatively influence the sustainable development of the country thereby putting off the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. To mitigate the climate change, the information on inventory of greenhouse gases, policies and measures undertaken, assessment of vulnerability and adaptation steps need to be updated. The project will enable Kazakhstan to prepare and submit the Third National Communication to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
- Climate variability and change impacts (including climate-related disasters) and their inherent complexity are likely to pose considerable risks to important economic drivers, human welfare and the environment of Kazakhstan. As a result, climate variability is likely to trigger a suite of food security, water security, energy security, human health and poverty problems in the country. The main objective of the project "Climate Risk Management in Kazakhstan" is to promote reduction of climate-related disasters and adaptation to climate change in Kazakhstan and to integrate climate risk management into Kazakhstan’s core development policy and strategies.
- Currently one of most topical health safety issues in Kazakhstan is recycling of unused or buried equipment containing persistent organic pollutants (POPs). At present Kazakhstan has no special regulatory framework regarding PCB inventories, storage, dismantling and recycling. Within the framework of the Project "Design and Execution of a Comprehensive PCB Management Plan for Kazakhstan" the legislative and administrative frameworks will be strengthened, the PCB management capacity built and additional PCB sources identified. Efforts will also be made to replace, dismantle, and recycle, in a safe manner, 850 tons of PCB transformers, and to store and recycle PCB condensators.
- UNDP promotes a dialogue and cooperation between the Central Asian countries in the area of integrated water resource management (IWRM). In 2009, a regional project “Promoting Integrated Water Resources Management and Fostering Transboundary Dialogue in Central Asia” was launched in Kazakh¬stan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to strengthen the capacity of respective national agencies. The aim of the Kazakhstan’s project component is to support transboundary dialogue on the Ili-Balkhash river basin.
- Kazakhstan is the largest GHG emitter in Central Asia with annual emissions of 243 MtCO2e. The transport sector is its fastest growing source of CO2 emissions projected to increase from 9 MtCO2/yr in 2008 up to 22 MtCO2/yr in 2012 and 36 MtCO2/yr in 2020. A significant share of transport emissions is associated with ground transportation in the former capital city of Almaty, the largest and most densely populated city in the country with a population of 1.6 million. The objective of the "Sustainable Transport Almaty City" is to reduce the growth of the transport-related greenhouse gas emissions in the City of Almaty, while simultaneously improving urban environmental conditions.
- At the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development, Asia-Pacific (MCED-6), countries-participants adopted a Declaration on strengthening interregional cooperation in joint activities for transition from current conventional models of economic development to green growth for improving people’s well-being and achieving sustainable development. The joint project of UNDP and MEP RK "Assistance to Kazakhstan in Improving Interregional Cooperation for the Green Growth Promotion and Astana Initiative Implementation" is initiated to provide institutional support to strengthen interregional cooperation between European and Asia-Pacific countries in pursuance of the above mentioned Ministerial Declaration adopted at the MCED-6.
- Republic of Kazakhstan has been Party to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) since October 1995. The project “National Biodiversity Planning to Support the implementation of the CBD 2011-2020 Strategic Plan in Republic of Kazakhstan” addresses the country’s need to continue to fulfil its obligations under the CBD, with particular focus on the Convention’s Article 6 and the CBD COP Decision X/2. Above all, the project is a significant contribution to Kazakhstan’s efforts towards implementing the CBD Strategic Plan 2011-2020 at the national level.
Efficient economic and ecological development is impossible without adequate quality of the information systems. Availability of the developed information system is one of the key factors of a timely response to different changes. The Project “Development and Implementation of the Biodiversity Monitoring Information System in Pilot Specially Protected area of the Republic of Kazakhstan” is focused on improvement of the system of biodiversity monitoring through establishment of a database with application of GIS-technologies.
The objective of the project “Promotion of Energy-Efficient Lighting in Kazakhstan” is the transformation of Kazakhstan market towards the energy efficient lighting technologies and gradual replacement of inefficient lighting equipment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
To support regional food security through increased resilience at national and local levels, as well as improve awareness and understanding of the possible implications of climate variability and change on wheat and food security at the regional level UNDP is running a project “Improving the Climate Resiliency of Kazakhstan Wheat and Central Asian Food Security”.
The purposes of Kazakhstan within frames of project “Kazakhstan/UNDP/UNEP Partnership Initiative for the integration of Sound Management of Chemicals Considerations in Development Planning and Processes” are potential strengthening on integration of sound management of chemicals into economic planning and decision-making, and also the beginning of realization of the general further actions for strengthening of a mode of sound management of chemicals in the country, according to SAICM.
The project “DIPECHO VII: Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction in South-East Kazakhstan” is initiated to reduce loss of lives, livelihoods and developmental assets to natural disasters by developing community capacities for disaster risk reduction (DRR). The project is working in pilot locations in Almaty and East Kazakhstan oblast, where it’s demonstrating community-based DRR and builds the case for further DRR mainstreaming regionally and nationally.